Aristotle, Wittgenstein, and Artificial Intelligence.

One of the most challenging projects in Cognitive Science is building pattern recognition devices: Machines that can make judgments about what sort of category a perceived object belongs in. The optical scanners that can read different kinds of type faces are an example of such a device and so are certain security systems that learn how to recognize people’s voices, as well as the voice recognition system that enables you to dictate text into your iPhone. When Cognitive Scientists first attempted to build pattern recognition machines, they tried at first to use…